What is an Athlete Biological Passport? Well may you ask.
The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) is introducing an Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) into Australian sport from 1 July 2012.
What is an Athlete Biological Passport?
The ABP is an electronic record of an athlete’s biological values that is developed over time from multiple collections of blood samples.
The ABPdiffers from traditional detection methods by looking for the effects of blood doping rather than detecting the prohibited substances or methods used. The advantage of this approach is the biological effects of a performance-enhancing agent are commonly present and detectable for a longer period than the agent itself.
Programs incorporating an ABP have been successfully implemented internationally. A number of cases relying on the ABP have successfully been run through the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
The ABP will be focused on Australia’s elite athletes; however, all athletes in ASADA’s testing jurisdiction should be aware they can be selected for ABP testing.
What it will mean for Australian athletes.
The program will affect the way Australian athletes provide blood samples and new testing procedures will be implemented to accommodate the ABP.
The main differences to the current process will be:
· The ABP testing process will include a two-hour waiting period following training or competition.
· ASADA will be collecting information from athletes via a questionnaire, which will take about ten minutes to complete.
The questionnaire will also be used in ASADA’s traditional blood testing program, however, the two hour waiting period, following training or competition, will only apply to athletes tested under ABP conditions.
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